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مناقشات الادب القرن 17
. The Puritan movement stood for liberty of the people from the shackles of the despotic ruler as well as the introduction of morality and high ideals in politics. Thus it had two objects – personal righteousness and civil and religious liberty.
It aimed at making men honest and free. Milton and Cromwell were the real champions of liberty and stood for toleration.
Jacobean and Caroline Prose
This period was rich in prose. The great prose writers were Bacon, Burton, Milton, Sir Thomas Browne, Jeremy Taylor and Clarendon. For the first time the great scholars began to write in English rather than Latin. So the Bible became the supreme example of earlier English prose style- simple, plain and natural.
The Restoration period was deficient in poetry and drama, but in prose it holds it head much higher. It was during the Restoration Period that English prose was developed as a medium for expressing clearly and precisely average ideas and feelings about miscellaneous matters for which prose is really meant.
هنا أكتب رأيكم الشخصي هل انت موافق على و جهة نظر ميلتون بالمرأة بأنها أقل شأناً من الرجل.
In the form of a serpent, he talks to Eve and compliments her on her beauty and godliness. She is amazed to find an animal that can speak. She asks how he learned to speak, and he tells her that it was by eating from the Tree of Knowledge. He tells Eve that God actually wants her and Adam to eat from the tree, and that his order is merely a test of their courage. She is hesitant at first but then reaches for a fruit from the Tree of Knowledge and eats. She becomes distraught and searches for Adam. Adam has been busy making a wreath of flowers for Eve.
When Eve finds Adam, he drops the wreath and is horrified to find that Eve has eaten from the forbidden tree. Knowing that she has fallen, he decides that he would rather be fallen with her than remain pure and lose her. So he eats from the fruit as well. Adam looks at Eve in a new way, and together they turn to lust. God immediately knows of their disobedience. He tells the angels in Heaven that Adam and Eve must be punished, but with a display of both justice and mercy
The first words of Paradise Lost state that the poem’s main theme will be “Man’s first Disobedience.” Milton narrates the story of Adam and Eve’s disobedience, explains how and why it happens, and places the story within the larger context of Satan’s rebellion and Jesus’ resurrection.
من هنا حلى انا اجتهدت وان شاء الله يكون صح
Discuss how Milton divides the universe into four major regions.
Milton divides the universe into four major regions: glorious Heaven, dreadful Hell, confusing Chaos, and a young and vulnerable Earth in between. The opening scenes that take place in Hell give the reader immediate context as to Satan’s plot against God and humankind. The intermediate scenes in Heaven, in which God tells the angels of his plans, provide a philosophical and theological context for the story.
Then, with these established settings of good and evil, light and dark, much of the action occurs in between on Earth. The powers of good and evil work against each other on this new battlefield of Earth. Satan fights God by tempting Adam and Eve, while God shows his love and mercy through the Son’s punishment of Adam and Eve.
One of the themes in TO DAFFODILS by Robert Herrick is that beauty is not going to stay forever. To
what extent do you agree, verify your answer with examples.
Yes agree with him ,Life is short, and the world is beautiful, love is splendid and we must use the short time we live to make the most of it. This is shown in the words “haste”, “run”, “short” and “quick”.
Explain the surface meaning and deep meaning of “ To Daffodils” by Herrick.
In the poet ,TO Daffodils ; Robert Herrick begins by saying that we ’, To Daffodils In his poem ‘ grieve to see the beautiful daffodils being wasted away very quickly. The duration of their gloom is so short that it seems even the rising sun still hasn’t reached the noon-time. Thus, in the very beginning the poet has struck a note of mourning at the fast dying of daffodils.
The poet then addresses the daffodils and asks them to stay until the clay ends with the evening prayer. After praying together he says that they will also accompany the daffodils. This is so because like flowers men too have a very transient life and even the youth is also very short-lived
An implicit theme of “Virtue” is faith. Discuss
An implicit theme of "Virtue" is faith. Although what is visible to humankind in the poem is the transience of earthly delight and the decay of nature, the poem ultimately conveys what cannot be seen and must instead be felt: the existence of a quality, the soul, which exists in eternal delight in a dimension other than the one in which our bodies live.
To what extent the fourth quatrain in “Virtue” is different from the first three.
Herbert begins "Virtue" with an apostrophe, or invocation. That is, here, he starts with a direct rhetorical address to a personified thing: as if speaking to the day, the narrator says, "Sweet day" and then characterizes the day as "cool," "calm," and "bright." Thus, for one noun, "day," he provides four adjectives. The rest of the line is made up of the adverbial "so," signifying intensity, repeated three times. Herbert is presenting a fairly generic image, without any action, as no verb appears among these eight words. Nor can a verb be found in the next line, which is a kind of appositive, or a noun phrase placed beside the noun that it describes. "The bridal of the earth and sky," which describes the "day," indicates no action, instead merely illustrating and amplifying the conditions depicted in the first line. That is, the "sweet day" is the bridal — the marriage, conjunction, or union — of the earth and the sky. In sum, Herbert presents a serene yet invigorating day and locates the reader in the celestial and terrestrial realms simultaneously, for the day in its loveliness brings them together. and The last quatrain presents images of an eternal soul and of a conflagration that turns the whole world, except that virtuous soul, to blackened coal, and its last line ends with the word "live".
Why did Ventidius hate Cleopatra?
Ventidius strongly believes that Cleopatra had been responsible for the ruin of Antony. Ventidius says that Cleopatra has put golden chains around Antony and has made him a slave to her love, thus robbing him of his manliness. Ventidius deplores Cleopatra’s demoralizing influence on Antony who seems to have lost all his heroism and valor. Alexas , in reply, says that one of Antony’s excellent qualities is his loyalty to the woman who loves him.
Discuss how Cleopatra is responsible for all Octavia’s
Octavia says that Cleopatra is responsible for all her sufferings. But the moment Octavia leaves, Cleopatra’s heart begins to sink at the thought that Octavia has got back her husband and that Cleopatra is going to lose her lover. She now wants to weep over Antony’s desertion of her till she dies . and Cleopatra reveals that she had spurned Octavius’s offer only because she has always been loyal to Antony. Antony asks Cleopatra to order the unlocking of the gate which opens towards Octavius’s camp. He decides to lead an Egyptian force in order to launch an assault upon Octavius’s troops who would be least expecting it.
comment on the character of Antony.
Antony is now in two minds . He does not know what to do. He says that his feeling of pity urges him to take Octavia’s side but that the same feeling of pity urges him even more strongly to stick to Cleopatra . Ventidius says that both pity and justice demand that Antony should take the side of Octavia . and I think character of Antony is weak and sensitive personal
Comment on the end of All For Love .
The end of All For Love it's sad and tragic . and Dryden gave to his play a sub-title which is THE WORLD WELL LOST. The sub- title means that Antony did well to sacrifice his empire for the sake of his love for Cleopatra, and that Cleopatra did well to sacrifice her kingdom and her life for the sake of her love for Antony . ALL FOR LOVE is a historical play. Dryden depended on Shakespeare’s play ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA
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